Traditional medicinal uses: It is used
as a poultice for aches, sores and chaps. Crushed leaves are used to treat
piles, mixed with honey and applied to wounds and abscesses.
Poison Lily, Seashore Lily, Bakong
Crinum Lily grows on sandy seashores or in the back mangrove. A very
large lily, it grows from an underground bulb. The lower leaves form
a stout pseudo-stem from which the leaves emerge in a rosette. The
leaves can grow up to 2m long.
The flowers are delightfully scented. The fruit is a globe which turns
shiny white when ripe then splits open to reveal irregularly shaped
seeds. The plant is poisonous.
and wetland wildlife at
Sungei Buloh Nature Park
features: Grows up to 1.5m, in freshwater or brackish
Leaves: Long (2m) strap-like,
Flowers: Clustered; white;
Globose; shiny white when ripe; seeds irregularly shape.
Status in Singapore: Rare
and considered threatened.
World distribution: Native
to tropical Indo-Pacific.
Classification: Family Amaryllidaceae.
World species, Singapore species.
Status and threats: There are only two
wild populations left in Singapore to the north and west of the main island.
But it is grown as an exotic ornamental for its attractive form and flowers.
It is also grown in the Botanic Gardens.
- Ivan Polunin,
"Plants and Flowers of Singapore", Times Editions,
1987 (p. 84: description, habitat, distribution, photo).
- Wee Yeow Chin,
"A Guide to Medicinal Plants", Singapore Science Centre,
1992 (p. 49: description, chemical compounds, uses).
- Hugh T W Tan,
"A Guide to the Threatened Plants of Singapore", Singapore
Science Centre, 1995 (p. 59: description, habitat, distribution, uses,